Documentation for Ice 3.6. The documentation for Ice 3.5 and Ice 3.4 is available in separate spaces.

Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Inserting a User Exception in Java

As in the case of Ice objects, a Dynamic Ice application may represent user exceptions in a native format that is not directly compatible with the Ice API. If the application needs to raise such a user exception to the Ice run time, the exception must be wrapped in a subclass of Ice.UserException. The Dynamic Ice API provides a class to simplify this process:

package Ice;

public abstract class UserExceptionWriter extends UserException {

    public UserExceptionWriter(Communicator communicator);

    public abstract void write(Ice.OutputStream os);

    // ...

A subclass of UserExceptionWriter is responsible for supplying a communicator to the constructor, and for implementing the following methods:

Extracting a User Exception in Java

An application extracts a user exception by calling one of two versions of the throwException method defined in the InputStream class:

package Ice;
public interface InputStream {
    void throwException() throws UserException;
    void throwException(UserExceptionReaderFactory factory) throws UserException;

    // ...

The version without any arguments attempts to locate and throw a Java implementation of the encoded exception using classes generated by the Slice-to-Java compiler.

If your goal is to create an exception in another type system, such as a native PHP exception object, you must call the second version of throwException and pass an implementation of UserExceptionReaderFactory:

package Ice;

public interface UserExceptionReaderFactory {   
    void createAndThrow(String typeId) throws UserException;

As the stream iterates over slices of an exception from most-derived to least-derived, it invokes createAndThrow passing the type ID of each slice, giving the application an opportunity to raise an instance of UserExceptionReader:

package Ice;
public abstract class UserExceptionReader extends UserException {
    protected UserExceptionReader(Communicator communicator);

    public abstract void read(InputStream is);

    public abstract String ice_name();

    protected Communicator _communicator;

Subclasses of UserExceptionReader must implement the abstract functions. In particular, the implementation of read must call InputStream.startException, unmarshal the remaining slices, and then call InputStream.endException.

See Also

Return to the Ice Manual

  • No labels