On this page:
Built-In Basic Types
Slice provides a number of built-in basic types, as shown in this table:
Range of Mapped Type
Size of Mapped Type
-128-127 or 0-255 a
≥ 8 bits
-2 15 to 2 15 -1
≥ 16 bits
-2 31 to 2 31 -1
≥ 32 bits
-2 63 to 2 63 -1
≥ 64 bits
≥ 32 bits
≥ 64 bits
All Unicode characters
a The range depends on whether
byte maps to a signed or an unsigned type.
All the basic types (except
byte) are subject to changes in representation as they are transmitted between clients and servers. For example, a
long value is byte-swapped when sent from a little-endian to a big-endian machine. However, these changes are transparent to the programmer and do exactly what is required.
Slice provides integer types
long, with 16-bit, 32-bit, and 64-bit ranges, respectively. Note that, on some architectures, any of these types may be mapped to a native type that is wider. Also note that no unsigned types are provided. (This choice was made because unsigned types are difficult to map into languages without native unsigned types, such as Java. In addition, the unsigned integers add little value to a language.
These types follow the IEEE specification for single- and double-precision floating-point representation . If an implementation cannot support IEEE format floating-point values, the Ice run time converts values into the native floating-point representation (possibly at a loss of precision or even magnitude, depending on the capabilities of the native floating-point format).
Slice strings use the Unicode character set and are encoded using UTF-8 when transmitted between clients and servers.
Boolean values can have only the values
true. Language mappings use the corresponding native boolean type if one is available.
The Slice type
byte is an (at least) 8-bit type that is guaranteed not to undergo any changes in representation as it is transmitted between address spaces. This guarantee permits exchange of binary data such that it is not tampered with in transit. All other Slice types are subject to changes in representation during transmission.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 1985. IEEE 754-1985 Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.