Raising Exceptions in C-Sharp

To throw an exception from an operation implementation, you simply instantiate the exception, initialize it, and throw it. For example:

// ...
public override void write(string[] text, Ice.Current current)
        // Try to write file contents here...
    catch(System.Exception ex)
        GenericError e = new GenericError("cannot write file", ex);
        e.reason = "Exception during write operation";
        throw e;

Note that, for this example, we have supplied the optional second parameter to the GenericError constructor. This parameter sets the InnerException member of System.Exception and preserves the original cause of the error for later diagnosis.

If you throw an arbitrary C# run-time exception (such as an InvalidCastException), the Ice run time catches the exception and then returns an UnknownException to the client.

The server-side Ice run time does not validate user exceptions thrown by an operation implementation to ensure they are compatible with the operation's Slice definition. Rather, Ice returns the user exception to the client, where the client-side run time will validate the exception as usual and raise UnknownUserException for an unexpected exception type.

If you throw an Ice run-time exception, such as MemoryLimitException, the client receives an UnknownLocalException. For that reason, you should never throw Ice run-time exceptions from operation implementations. If you do, all the client will see is an UnknownLocalException, which does not tell the client anything useful.

Three run-time exceptions are treated specially and not changed to UnknownLocalException when returned to the client: ObjectNotExistException, OperationNotExistException, and FacetNotExistException.

See Also